Beacon’s Top Knee Surgeons
The knee joint is one of the largest and most complex joints in the human body. It consists of four bones: The femur (thigh bone), the tibia (shin bone), the fibula (outer shin bone) and the patella (kneecap). Various ligaments, muscles, and tendons are also involved in order to hold the joint together and allow it to move through its full range of motion. As two of the most complex joints in your body, your knees are built to withstand an enormous amount of pressure. They support 80% of your body weight when you stand and absorb up to one-and-a-half times your weight when you walk. Although your knees are inherently strong, the everyday stress of having to perform under pressure leaves them prone to injury as well as a variety of wear-and-tear conditions, including conditions such as degenerative arthritis. Because the structures of the knee are highly interconnected, an injury to one area of the joint can affect the other areas as well.
Fortunately, not all injuries require surgical intervention. The treatment for your injury will depend on its severity. Mild to moderate injuries can be treated at home with conservative methods. Severe injuries, by contrast, should be evaluated by an orthopaedist who will recommend a specific form of treatment. Our knee physicians can treat knee injuries using a non-surgical approach, such as physical therapy, pain management, or regenerative medicine, or using a surgical approach.
Common Knee Conditions
- Osteoarthritis is a common type of arthritis caused by the wearing down of the cartilage responsible for cushioning the bones in your join. This often is caused by regular wear and tear from aging, overuse, or acute trauma.
Rheumatoid Arthritis is a disease in which the immune system begins attacking the body and chemicals are produced by the immune system attack and destroy the surface of the joints.
- Hemophilia is a rare disorder in which blood doesn’t clot normally, leading individuals to bleeding longer due to their blood clotting more slowly. These individuals are at risk for bleed within their joints and can over time cause cartilage to erode and the joints become destroyed.
- Avascular Necrosis is the death of bone tissue due to a lack of blood supply and can damage to the knee joint and other bone structures.
- Ligament, muscle, cartilage, or tendon tears.
- Shin Splints is when one has pain along the shin bone which can eventually lead to more serious injuries.
- Dislocations or Fractures.
Common Knee Treatments
- Total Knee Replacement, also called a “total knee arthroplasty,” involves the removal of worn out or damaged surfaces of the knee joint and replacement with ceramic, plastic, or metal components. The most common reason for knee replacement surgery is osteoarthritis.
- Unicondylar Knee Replacement, or Partial Knee Replacement, is similar to a total knee replacement in that it includes the removal of damaged cartilage from the patient’s joint; however, the amount that is removed is significantly less. Moreover, the removed portions of the joint are also replaced with a prosthetic implant.
- Regenerative Medicine, specifically Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) Therapy, utilizes the patients own blood to rebuild and heal a damaged tendon or cartilage in the body and can help relieve pain in the affected area. PRP Therapy jump starts the healing process and is commonly used to treat patients with osteoarthritis.
- ACL Reconstruction involves the surgeon removing the damaged ligament and substituted with a new ‘ligament,’ which typically is a tendon taken from the patella or the hamstring.
- Meniscus Repair Surgery, or a meniscectomy, is an arthroscopic procedure that allows the surgeon to identify the tear and trim the meniscus until it meets the tear, creating a new meniscus edge. This can also be performed by using sutures to repair the the tear.
- Injections can be used when one is not a candidate for joint replacement surgery and are used to treat inflamed and injured nerves, slow and repair forms of damage from arthritis, and heal existing damage.
Causes and Symptoms of Knee Pain
Causes of Knee Pain
- Falling or other injuries
- Arthritis (joint degeneration)
- Muscle Strain
- Tendon Strain
Symptoms of Knee Pain
- Pain and stiffness in knee joint
- Swelling around the knee joint
- Limited range of motion in knee
- Tenderness when pressure is applied to the joint
- Clicking or cracking sound when knee bends
- Deformity or lumps in the knee
- Joint warmth even without visible swelling or redness
Beacon Prides Itself on the Best Knee Surgeons
The experts at Beacon Orthopaedics are highly specialized in orthopedics and sports medicine. They each received additional training in a specific area of expertise. For example, some focused on hand and wrist surgery, while others specialized in hip and knee replacements. This ensures that the physician treating your case does hundreds of similar cases each year, rather than a handful of everything. The orthopaedic surgeons may recommend regenerative medicine, physical therapy, arthroscopic surgery, partial joint replacement, or a total joint replacement surgery.
Patients benefit from our physician’s deep knowledge of treatment options to relieve joint pain, ranging from conservative, non-surgical options all the way to joint replacement. It is our goal to help each patient recognize their treatment options and to provide a high level of comfort in deciding which treatment option to pursue.
If you have any of the previously mentioned conditions as well as severe knee pain that limits your activities during the day and interferes with your sleep at night, you should speak with an orthopedic specialist. Only a certified orthopedic physician can accurately diagnose your condition and recommend a comprehensive treatment plan. If you are suffering from a knee injury, please schedule an appointment online or by phone call in any of our Cincinnati, Dayton, Kentucky and Indiana locations and every effort will be made to schedule the patient as soon as possible.