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Stem Cell Therapy – Regenerative Medicine

Dr. Velazquez offers Stem Cell Therapy using Bone Marrow Stem Cells, otherwise known as Bone Marrow Concentrate or BMC. This means the stem cells come from the patient: they aren’t plant stem cells, bovine stem cells, or fetal stem cells. Learn more about BMC from the information below.

IS STEM CELL THERAPY EXPERIMENTAL OR NEW?

Bone marrow extractions have been conducted for quite some time now and used in fields such as oncology and hematology. The vital components in bone marrow were initially used for transplant purposes in those immune-deficient, such as in blood cancers. The skill of extracting has not changed. In the case of stem cell treatments, the donor is and the recipient are the same person, preventing any rejection or allergy reactions.

WHAT IS BONE MARROW?

Bone marrow is the soft spongy tissue found in the center of your bones. In adults, marrow in the large bones produces the majority of Red blood cells, white blood cells and plasma components. Since this is the location of production, immature forms of these cells, called stem cells, will be found here.

WHAT ARE BONE MARROW STEM CELLS?

The immature cells used in stem cell therapy are found inside the bone marrow have the potential to develop into various mature cells. They can become muscle, vessels, cartilage, or even bone.

Two of the main Stem Cells found in Bone marrow include:

  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells – give rise to the three classes of blood cells that are found in the circulation: white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets. These are the cells that actually drive tissue regeneration and create supportive circulation.
  • Mesenchymal Stem Cells – also known as Marrow Stromal Cells. These cells have the capacity to form osteoblasts or bone structure, chondrocytes or  cartilage, and myocytes or Muscles.

ARE THERE ANY RISK?

Bone marrow extractions are safe procedures when conducted by a trained professional in a sterile environment. Complications are rare but can include:

  • Bleeding, particularly in patients with a low platelet count or clotting disorder.
  • Infection, in patients with weakened immune systems. Antibiotics are given post extraction to prevent infection.

THE HEALING PROCESS

Bone marrow stem cells are the regenerative cells responsible for repair and rebuild damaged tissue. The concentrated cells accelerate the healing process, promotes strength, pain relief and improve overall function. The healing cascade can be active and take place over a 4-6 week period.  A follow up PRP may be recommended if desired relief is not met.

HOW LONG IS A STEM CELL THERAPY PROCEDURE?

Treatment is in an outpatient setting. actual extraction can take 10 minutes but concentrating can take up to 1 hour, which the patient will be waiting.

WHAT TO EXPECT?

The area of extraction is locally numbed so no pain is felt. Bone marrow is extracted from the back of a patient’s pelvis or hip bone from an area called the posterior iliac crest. A suctioned syringe attached to a long needle is used to reach the posterior aspect of the hip, during which minimal discomfort is felt due to local anesthetic.
The collected sample is transferred through a filter then placed into a centrifuge for spinning. Spinning at a high speed separates the platelets and stem cells from the bone marrow sample. This concentration of stem cells and healing components are collectively known as the bone marrow concentrate and reintroduced to the injured area.

WHAT SHOULD I DO OR NOT DO?

There are few recommendations such a drinking plenty of fluids and eat a good meat. Please advice with your physician about medications or prior history of blood disorders. Pain control, if needed, will be given.

HOW LONG IS RECOVERY TIME FROM STEM CELL THERAPY?

After having a stem cell therapy treatment, most patients return to usual activities within 1-2 days. There are a few that experience a reduction in pain over the course of a week.

Dr. Velazquez BMC Brochure
Learn more about BMC here: http://www.accelleratedbiologics.com/about-bmc.html