PRP Procedures – What are they & How do they work? << Back to Blog Dr. Phelps offers Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) Therapy to patients at the Summit Woods and Wilmington locations. PRP procedures are commonly used to treat: plantar fasciitis, meniscus tears, osteoarthritis of the spine, ligament sprains, and rotator cuff tears. PRP procedures work because of the limited blood supply found in tendons and joints. First, we take a small portion of the patient’s own blood. This sample is then separated into its primary components: plasma, white blood cells and platelets, and red blood cells. A portion of the plasma is removed, leaving us with a platelet rich solution. This solution is then injected into the injured area. The platelets release healing factors to naturally produce the desired response. Microphages and stem cells rush in to produce healing and fix damage tissue. Each injection takes only about one hour. It is done as an outpatient procedure and does not require anesthesia. Full recovery generally takes about three weeks. Some patients will require multiple injections to achieve their desired results. To learn more about PRP Procedures, explore the tool below.